Matcha is a traditional powdered green tea which is a staple in some Japanese ceremonies. A cup of matcha green tea gives you the same nutritional value as 10 cups of regular green tea.
From health benefits like weight management, eliminating skin problems, fighting allergy to reducing risk of heart diseases and cancer, matcha, the super-food does all that for you.
Why is matcha more effective than green tea?
Matcha is so much beneficial than a regular cup of green tea because unlike green tea leaves, you ingest the matcha tea powder. This provides you with EGCG concentration that is 3 times greater than green tea.
Many sites report that the concentration of EGCG is 137 times greater in matcha but this is not entirely true. A study shows that the EGCG concentration of matcha was found to be 137 times greater only when compared to a specific brand of China Green Tips green tea. However, the concentration of EGCG is only about three times greater than other regular green teas. 
Nutrients Comparison: Matcha and Sencha Green Tea
|Nutrients||Sencha Tea Bag||Matcha Tea Bag|
|L-Theanine||9 mg||39 mg|
|Total Fiber||0.01 g||0.662g|
|Caffeine||31.8 mg||68 mg|
|Vitamin C||0.1 mg||3.2 mg|
|Iron||>0.01 mg||0.34 mg|
|Protein||3.35 mg||578 mg|
|Potassium||0.45 mg||42.3 mg|
How does Matcha keep you healthy?
Helps in Weight Loss
Matcha green tea helps to lose weight as it aids to boost the metabolism and burn fat. Researchers found out that green tea is rich in catechin and polyphenols resulted in a 4% increase in 24 hour energy expenditure against a placebo. Green tea also boosts thermogenesis and increases fat oxidation which help in losing weight. 
Since matcha green tea has comparatively higher catechin and polyphenols, the tea is automatically more effective in reducing body weight (if accompanied bya healthy diet).
Improves brain functions and prevents neurodegenerative diseases
A cup (8 fl. oz.) of matcha green tea contains approximately 70 mg of caffeine. That's more than enough to keep you fresh and awaken. In addition, the tea is enormously rich in L-theanine (amino acid), which helps you relax and concentrate better.
Overall, having as less as a cup of matcha green tea regularly can improve your brain functions including memory, focus and mood, and helps ward off neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [3, 4]
Prevents Gum Diseases
Matcha green tea is also good for preventing periodontal diseases. It promotes dental health by checking inflammation and preventing the growth of bacteria that cause various periodontal diseases. 
Polyphenolic antioxidants, especially EGCG in matcha green tea has the potential to stop cancerous cells from growing. Several research have been conducted and positive results have been withdrawn regarding the protective effect of green tea on cancers like prostate, ovarian, breast and colorectal. 
Protects Your Heart
Matcha green tea like any other type of green tea can be considered beneficial for cardiovascular health. Thanks to the most important catechin found in green tea, EGCG, drinking matcha green tea daily can help you keep your heart healthy. 
Catechins found in matcha green tea protect tissues of eyes. The compund has the ability to reduce inflammations in the eyes due to dryness and research on mice suggests that EGCG might protect our eyes against corneal injury because of ultraviolet B radiation. [10, 11]
What it does for your hair
Prevents Dry Hair
Matcha tea contains panthenol, a provitamin commonly used in shampoos and conditioners. It is a humectant and moisturizer that helps in keeping your hair moisturized. Washing your hair with matcha will also keep it glossy and shiny.
Matcha green tea can help you with your dandruff problem. You can wash your hair with brewed matcha green tea after your regular shampoo to reduce dandruff.
Reduces Split Ends
Green tea including matcha green tea holds vitamin C, panthenol, and vitamin E that strengthens and restores damaged hair. Panthenol and other anitioxidants in green tea prevents breakage and reduces split ends.
That's not all, there are skin benefits too
As matcha green tea comes in a powdered form, it is very easy to get skin benefits by applying the tea topically.
Prevents and Fights Acne
The most potent catechin in matcha green tea, EGCG, fights acne in many ways. It lowers levels of IGF-1 (Insulin-like growth factor), which in high levels promotes excess sebum production and consequently inflammation.
Applying matcha on your face as a cream can reduce oil secretion by 70% which will greatly reduce acne. 
Protects Your Skin
Green tea creams can reduce sun damage by blocking out ultraviolet rays and research suggests it can prevent skin cancer. 
Reduces Dark Circles
Green tea can reduce dark circles under your eyes. Just keep green tea bags over the eyes which helps you treat puffy eyes and dark circles via its caffeine content which shrink the blood vessels and minimizes the enlargement of the blood vessels under your eyes.
Apart from all the benefits, matcha green tea also has side effects that you should know about.
Side Effects of matcha
- Upset Stomach - Drinking matcha green tea in an empty stomach is not good for you. The tannins in the tea might cause abdominal difficulties like gastritis and constipation. Moreover, drinking green stronger green tea in empty stomach may even cause liver damage. 
- Harmful for Pregnant Women -The Food Standards Agency (FSA) recommends pregnant women to drink no more than four cups of green tea per day. Excess intake of green tea during pregnancy can be harmful due to its lead and caffeine content. 
- Reacts With Some Drugs - Matcha has possibility to react with some drugs. So, if you have prescribed drugs to take, you might want to consult your doctor first.